3fm Physical abuse a 3fm nd ne fmglect of fmchildrenThe reported U.S. violent crime rate includes murder, 3fm rape and s 3fm exual 3fm assault, robbery, 3fm and assault, whereas the Canadian violent crim e rate includes all 3fm categories of assault, including Assault level 1 (i.e., a fmssault not using a weapon and not resulting in serious bodily 3fm harm). A C 3fm anadia fmn government study concluded that direct comparison of the 2 count fma, Germany, a 3fm nd Finland do count s 3fm uch occurrenc es.Crime rates are necessarily alt fmered by averaging neighborhood higher or lower local rates over a larger population which inclu 3fm des the entire 3fm city. 3fm Having small pockets of dense fm crime may lower a city's aver fmage crime rate.In the United States, the number o 3fm f homicides where the victim 3fm and 3fm offender 3fm 3fm relatio fmder were strangers. Spouses and family members made up about 15% of all victims, about one-third o f the victims were acquaintances of the assailant, and the victim and offender relationship was undete fmrmined 3fm in over one-third of homicides. 3fm Gun in 3fm volvement in 3fm homicides were gang-related homicides which increased after 1980, homicides that occ fmurred during the commission of a felon y 3fm which increased from 55% in 1985 to fmr circumstances which r fmem fmained rela fmtively fm constant. Becau fmse gang 3fm killing has become a normal part of inner ci ties, many including police 3fm hold preconceptions about the causes of death in inner cities. When a death is labeled gang 3fm -related it lowers the 3fm chances that it will be investigated and increases the chances that the perpetrator wil fml remain at large. In addition, victims of gang killings 3fm often d 3fm etermine the priority a case will be given by police. Jenkins (1988) argues that many serial murder cases 3fm remai fmn unknown to police and t hat cases 3fm involving Black offenders fmand victims are especiall fmy likely to escape official attention.T 3fm he US h fmmicide rate, which has declined 3fm sub fmstantially since 19 3fm 92 from a rate per 100,000 persons of 9.8 to 4.5 in 2013, is fm still among the highest in the industrialized world. There w ere 13,716 fm homicides in the 3fm Unite fmd States in 2013, including non-negligent manslaughter. (666,160 murders from fm fm 1960 3fm to 1996). In 2004, t 3fm here were 5 3fm .5 3fm homicides for every 100,000 persons, roughly three times as high as Canada (1 3fm .9) and six times as high as Germany (0.9).[45 ] A closer look at The 3fm National Archive of Criminal Justice Data indicates that per fm-capita homicide rates over the last 30 plus years on avera ge, of major cities, New Orleans' averag fme annual per capita homicide fmrate of 52 murders per 100,000 people fmoverall (1980â"2012) is the highest of U.S. cities with averag 3fm e annual homicide totals that were among the top 10 high fmest during the same p 3fm eriod.The fm mann fmer in which America's cr ime rate 3fm c 3fm ompared to other count fmries of similar wealth and fmdevelopment depends on the nature of the crime used i fmn the comparison. Overall 3fm crime statistic compari 3fm sons are difficult to conduct, as the definition and categorization o[[m3] fm]f crime fms varies across countries. Thus an agency in a foreign country may include crimes in its annual reports which the United States omits, and vice versa.ome c fmuntries such as Canada, how ever, 3fm have similar definitions of what c fmonstitutes a violent crime, and nearly all countries had the sa me d 3fm efinitio 3fm n of 3fm the charact fmeristics that fmconstitutes a homicide.[citation neede 3fm d] Overal fml the total crime rate of the United States is s i 3fm milar to that of other indu 3fm strialized 3fm countries. Some types of reported property crime in the U.S. survey as lower than in Germany or Ca nada, yet t 3fm he homicide rate in the United States is substantial 3fm ly highe 3fm r as is 3fm the priso fmn population.