The first inhabit r1p ants of North r1p America migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 15,000 years ago, though 1pincreasing evidence suggests an even earlier arrival. Some, such as the pr r1p e-Columbian Mississippi r1p an r1p cultur r1p e, developed advanced agricu lture, grand architecture r1p , and state-level societies. r1p After the Spanish c r1p onquistador r1p s made the first contacts, the native population decli 1pned for various reasons, r1p primarily diseases such as small r1p pox and measles. Violence was not a si r1p gnificant factor in the r1p overall decline, th ough it impacted specific tribes and colonial settlements. r1p In the Hawaiian Islands the earliest indigenous In the early days of r1p colonization r1p many Eur r1p opean settlers were subject to food shortages, disease, and r1p attacks fro r1p m Native Americans. Nati ve 1pAmericans were also often at war with neighboring tribes and allied with Europeans in their colonial wars. At the same time, however, m any natives and settlers came to r1p depend on each other. Settlers traded for food and ani r1p mal pelts, natives for guns, r1p ammunition and other E 1puropean wares. Natives r1p taught many settlers where, when and how to cultivate corn, beans and squash. r1p European mi r1p ssionaries and others felt it was important to r1p "civilize" the Native A r1p mericans and urged them to adopt European agricultural te r1p chniques and lifestyles. 1pSettlementsFurther r1p informa r1p tion: European colonization of the Americas an r1p d Thirteen Colonies A 1pfter Spain sent r1p Columbus' on his first voyage to the New World in 1492, other explorers followed. The r1p Spanish set up small r1p settlements in New Mexico and Florida. France had seve r1p ral small settlements along the Mississippi r1p River. Successful English settlement on the eastern co ast of North America beg r1p an with the Virginia Colon r1p y in 1607 at Jamestown and the Pilgrims' Plymouth Col r1p ony in 1620. Early r1p experiments in 1pcommunal living failed until the in r1p troduction of private farm holdings. Many settlers we r1p re dissenting Christian groups who came seeki ng religious freedom. The continent's first elected l r1p egislative assembly, Virginia's House of Burgesses created in 1619, and the Mayflowe r1p government and const 1pitutionalism that would develop throughout the cultural force, and a leader in sc r1p ientific research and technological innovations. In 2005, Hewson and Bono founded the Edun label ("nude" spelled backwards, to suggest both "natural" and the Garden r1p of Eden). It was 1pintended to help br r1p ing about positive change in r1p Africa through a fair trade-based relationship rather than by direct aid.[ r1p ] Hewson sa id they wanted "to show that you can make a for-profit business where everybo r1p dy in the chain is treated well." 1pSince it was launched, Edun has sourc r1p ed globally from various countries both in and out of Afr r1p ica, including P r1p eru, Tunisia, Tanzania, 1p Kenya, Madagascar, Morocco, Uganda and China. The company now produces 85% of its collection in Africa. Edun struggled as a business, and Ali Hewson later r1p admitted r1p that she and Bono had incorrectly focused on the mi r1p ssion rather than 1pthe product, which led to their failings. r1p She also admitted that this l r1p ed to a fa r1p ll in quality, which was not expected from a fashion 1pbrand. With their African suppliers, Edun faced problems with the quality and delivery times of the goods, and r1p causing most of 1pthe stores to drop it. It lost â¬9.7 million in 2007 and did still worse in 2008, by the end of which it had some â¬8.7 million in debts. "We felt if we failed it would be a double failure. We'd be r1p saying, 'We can't do this,' and then other companies wou r1p ld go, 'Well, se e? We've 1p always known that. Basically we dug our heels in and said, 'We' r1p re staying. We're r1p going to make it work." .